Iphigenia in Aulis
The theater play is usually a dramatic work, typically in a classic style, which is created for the performance from the stage and involves such components as characters, plot, problems, and ideas. One of the basic theatrical forms is a tragedy. The structure of the tragedy consists of an exposition after that comes rising action, the climax (or culmination), falling action and the denouement. All these structural parts are used to convey the idea of certain dramatic works, to reveal the problems of the plot, to show the features of each character and to express the mood and idea for the sake of intriguing the audience. Such a structure can be traced in ‘Iphigenia in Aulis’ ‘ the play that is based on the cognominal tragedy of Euripides, which is a striking example of ancient literature and theatrical drama https://original-essays.org
The play usually includes several separate parts that provide a logical development of the plot. As it was mentioned before, the first is an exhibition, the purpose of which is to provide the important background information to the audience. Such information can include the events leading up to the story told in the play and the reasons for those events. The main characters are usually introduced to the audience in this part. At the beginning of “Iphigenia at Aulis”, the audience gets to know that some time ago, king Agamemnon wrote a letter to his wife Clytemnestra, which contained orders to bring their daughter Iphigenia to the Aulis to marry Achilles. However, the marriage was only a pretext. In fact, following the prophecy, Agamemnon decided to sacrifice his daughter, Iphigenia, to appease the goddess Artemis. After some time, he changed his mind and wrote another letter, in which he laid out this thought. The songs that are played during the scenes are another artistic device used to emphasize the emotions of the main characters and recreate the environment in which all events occur.
The rising action takes place when Agamemnon’s brother gets to know that the king changed his mind and decided not to sacrifice his daughter. The brother accuses Agamemnon of preferring his emotional experience to the interests of the country. At this time, a complication in the play takes place, because Clytemnestra and Iphigenia come to the Aulis. Clytemnestra knows the true reasons for their arrival and accuses Agamemnon of wanting to sacrifice his own daughter for the sake of saving an unknown woman (Helen of Troy). We know that the victim of Iphigenia was not necessary, and the army of Agamemnon was able to start the war with Troy and return Helen. Iphigenia also knows the true reason of their coming and begins to persuade his father not to kill her. However, this complication shows us all personal Agamemnon’s drama. There are fear, love, shame and oppression in it. He does not want to sacrifice his daughter, but, at the same time, he realizes his duty.
Nevertheless, Iphigenia decides to give her life for the glory of the Motherland. This is the climax of the play, namely, the highest peak of Iphigenia’s heroic rise. The theme of voluntary self-sacrifice has become the central point of the play, allowing the heroic image of Iphigenia to open in a new way. The means of expressing heroes’ feelings along with the traditional pathetic monologues, vocal solo and duets form an integral part in the construction and reproduction of the plot. In addition, these devices are used for that would fully and clearly describe the emotional and intellectual characteristics of the image. The further scene shows Iphigenia doing the tragic dance, which is portrayed as the rite of the upcoming sacrifice. This is the culmination of what is happening in this play, during which the conflict and tension reach the highest point. Subsequently, comes the falling action, which depicts Iphigenia’s slaughtering after she finished her ritual dance. However, she was not sacrificed indeed. Goddess Artemis told Agamemnon and Clytemnestra that she had replaced Iphigenia with a deer on the altar. The denouement is clear; it immediately follows the falling action and lies in the fact that Agamemnon and Clementine know that Iphigenia is alive and will serve in the temple of Artemis where she has been moved by the goddess.
However, this play demonstrates not only the conflict between personal emotions and public debt but also the way the characters change. The viewer can see the buildup of heroism in Iphigenia. Initially, the audience sees a young tender girl. She loves her father and wants to stay with him. Therefore, she wants to leave the combat area and return to Argos. When Iphigenia knows that she must die, she asks to find a replacement for her. Then, the spectators see the transformation of the gentle girl, begging for her life, into a genuine heroine. Various means of verbal transmissions were used to depict such transformation, including monologues and vocal solo, which powerfully conveyed the emotional state of the character. Despite the fact that the tragedy “Iphigenia at Aulis” is a classic in the history of drama, it is relevant to all times. After all, it raises the issues and problems that are inherent in people of any age, including the struggle with oneself and with the system, sacrifice personal needs in favor of others.